Medical treatment

Cataract: etiology, symptoms and medical treatment

The human body is a complex system of different parts that work in sync to ensure that humans can perform all their tasks quickly and efficiently. Even if a part of the body or an organ is not functioning efficiently, it hinders the overall functioning of the body.

In this article, we will discuss one of the most common eye diseases called cataracts. We understand that anyone without a medical background will find it difficult to understand the etiology of cataracts. Therefore, with this article, we aim to make you understand the signs and cataract medical treatment in the most basic and simple terms.

What is a cataract?
Before diving into the clinical manifestation of cataract, let’s shed some light on the basic definition of cataract. A cataract can be described as clouding of the clear lens of the eyes.

Therefore, for people with cataracts, seeing through a damaged or fogged lens is like looking through a fogged or frosted window, making it difficult to write, read, drive, and perform daily tasks. Below we have mentioned some of the many symptoms and signs of cataracts:

● Difficulties in night vision
● Yellowing or discoloration of colors
● Weak, blurry or blurred vision
● Sudden sensitivity to glare and light
● Double vision detection in one eye
● Frequent changes of contact lenses or eyeglass prescriptions

Cataract causes and treatments

Usually, most cataracts develop due to age or eye injuries that lead to changes in the tissues that form the lens. Additionally, the fibers and proteins in the lens begin to break down, resulting in cloudy or hazy vision.

On the other hand, certain genetic disorders, past eye surgeries, and medical conditions can also increase the risk of cataracts. Here are some of the many types of cataracts which are commonly detected in people:

● Cataracts affecting the back of the lens
● Cataracts affecting the center of the lens
● Congenital cataracts or cataracts a person is born with the condition
● Cataracts affecting the edges of the lens
Additionally, let’s take a quick look at the variety of treatments ophthalmologists use to treat cataracts safely and reliably:

● Cataract treatment by phacoemulsification

Usually, to treat or remove a cataract, doctors adopt a procedure called phacoemulsification. In this type of surgery, the ophthalmologist makes a small opening in the eye in order to reach the foggy or cloudy lens.
Then, using a laser or ultrasound, the doctor manages to break the lens into pieces. Finally, doctors suck out these broken lenses and place them in a new artificial device. lens.

● Extracapsular cataract surgery

In the event that phacoemulsification is not an ideal option for a person, the doctor usually opts for extracapsular cataract surgery. For example, if a person has an advanced stage of cataracts, the lens may become too dense to break.
The only difference between the two procedures is that in extracapsular cataract surgery, the doctor makes the incision and removes the lens in one piece.

Find Your Way With Dr Agarwal Eye Hospital

When it comes to health care services and facilities, people have a range of options. However, it is imperative to seek advice from a top-notch medical institution. Dr. Agarwal Eye Hospital has treated eyes larger than 20L for cataracts, pioneered surgical innovations in cataract surgery like Glued IOL while offering a range of eye treatments like oculoplasty, vitrectomy, refractive surgery, and more.

Moreover, with advanced equipment and skilled surgeons with rich experience in complex cataract treatment, they have more than 100 top eye care hospitals in 11 countries. In India, Dr. Agarwal’s Eye Hospital is recognized as a prestigious eye care institution with hospitals in several states like Chennai, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, etc. To learn more about their healthcare facilities, explore their site today!

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