Medical treatment

Goals of medical treatment and how to use them

Disease management: maximizing longevity and quality of life

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Many diseases and conditions cannot be cured by existing medical treatments. When a medical problem cannot be cured or cured, the goal is to manage it to ensure that the patient’s longevity and quality of life is maximized by managing the problem.

Many of the illnesses and conditions that need to be taken care of are considered chronic, which means that they last a long time (more than three months, even lifelong) or that they recur repeatedly throughout the lifespan. life long.

Diabetes is an example of a managed disease. When patients manage their diabetes by controlling their blood sugar and insulin levels, they can live a very long time.

Examples of other illnesses or conditions that must be managed, often for the rest of a patient’s life, are allergies, asthma, heart disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), arthritis and hundreds more. Some diseases that may become more difficult as they progress include multiple sclerosis, lupus, Parkinson’s disease or Alzheimer’s disease. Some cancers, such as melanoma and prostate, are now considered manageable for some patients as well.

Some illnesses and conditions require lifelong care, from birth or early in life. Examples include muscular dystrophy, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism.

An important aspect of disease management is its goal to prevent another disease from developing. People with diabetes are at risk of developing heart, nerve or eye problems, for example. These additional problems are called comorbidities, which means that they develop on top of, and sometimes as a result of, the original problem. Therefore, one of the goals of disease management is prevention, that is, preventing the further problem.